This Day In Astro History


earthrise
Earthrise

Pons
Jean-Louis Pons

December 24

1979 - 1st Ariane launch.

1968 - 69 hours, 8 minutes, and 16 seconds after launch, Apollo 8 is the first manned spacecraft to go into orbit around the moon. The most influential picture of the 20th century, called Earthrise, is taken on custom Kodak film with a Hasselblad camera. They do 10 lunar orbits. On the ninth orbit each crew reads a section from the biblical creation story. Later Madelyne O'Hair sued the United States government, alleging violations of the First Amendment, however, it was dismissed by the Supreme Court due to lack of jurisdiction.

1910 - Birthday, William Hayward Pickering. He performed early investigations into new electronic telemetering techniques, which have  become the basis for all that was to follow in the transmission of data from space. Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1954 to 1976 and was director of JPL during the successful Voyager missions.  He developed new technologies for digital communications and high definition television. He won the 1994 Japan Prize for Science and Technology.

1761 - Birthday, Jean-Louis Pons was a French astronomer who discovered thirty-seven comets between 1801 and 1827. he died October 14, 1831.
 
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene