This Day In Astro History


Halley's Comet
1910 An image of Halley's Comet taken on May 29, by Professor Edward Emerson Barnard at Yerkes Observatory, in Williams Bay, Wisconsin.
Published in the New York Times on July 3, 1910.

May 29

1999 - STS 96 - Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.

1974 - Luna 22 Launch (Soviet Moon Orbiter)

1919 - Total Solar Eclipse which was observed by two different groups of astronomers who were trying to confirm Einstein's Theory of General Relativity. Arthur Stanley Eddington led an expedition to Principe Island off West Africa to see whether the predicted curvature of space in the region of the sun would distort the apparent positions of the stars in the Hyades cluster. The results of the observations were announced at the November 6, 1919 meeting of the Royal Society in London. The curvature of spacetime due to the sun's mass (which we normally think of as gravity) "deflects" the light coming from stars beyond the sun, causing their apparent position to be different from when they're not near the sun on the celestial sphere. You can only observe stars near the sun's limb, where the effect is most pronounced, during an eclipse.
 
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene